Más de 180 países, sin incluir EE. UU., Acuerdan restringir el comercio global de residuos plásticos

(CNN)Los gobiernos de 187 países acordaron controlar el movimiento de desechos plásticos entre las fronteras nacionales, en un esfuerzo por frenar la crisis plástica mundial, pero Estados Unidos no estaba entre ellos.

Las naciones acordaron agregar plástico al Convenio de Basilea, un tratado que regula el movimiento de materiales peligrosos de un país a otro, para combatir los efectos peligrosos de la contaminación plástica en todo el mundo.

El pacto se aprobó al final de una reunión de dos semanas de convenciones respaldadas por la ONU en Ginebra, Suiza.

    Pero EE. UU. No participó en el proceso de toma de decisiones, ya que es uno de los dos países que no han ratificado el acuerdo.

    La resolución significa contaminado y la mayoría de las mezclas de desechos plásticos requerirán el consentimiento previo de los países receptores antes de ser comercializados, con la excepción de las mezclas de PE, PP y PET, según WWF.

    La prohibición de reciclaje de China ha enviado el plástico de Estados Unidos a Malasia.  Ahora no lo quieren, ¿y ahora qué?

     

    A pesar de que quedó fuera de la decisión, el fallo aún se aplicará a los Estados Unidos cuando trate de comercializar residuos de plástico a prácticamente cualquier país del mundo.

     

    Estados Unidos ha estado enviando sus desechos plásticos a varios países alrededor del mundo, incluyendo China y Malasia, pero recientemente ha enfrentado medidas de represión en esos países mientras intentan hacer frente a las cantidades de inundaciones plásticas en sus fronteras.

    Durante el año pasado, otros países del sudeste asiático, como Tailandia, Vietnam e India, también han tomado medidas para restringir la importación de residuos plásticos extranjeros, lo que ha dejado contenedores de plástico en los puertos de Estados Unidos esperando un destino.

    El nuevo movimiento internacional es "un paso muy bienvenido a corregir este desequilibrio y la restauración de una medida de rendición de cuentas para el sistema global de gestión de residuos plásticos", dijo WWF.

    Según los estudios, se ha encontrado un estimado de 100 millones de toneladas de plástico en los océanos del mundo, de los cuales hasta el 90% proviene de fuentes terrestres.

    Casi 1 millón de personas firmaron una petición global esta semana instando a los gobiernos de la Convención de Basilea para tomar medidas, mediante la prevención de los países occidentales de "dumping millones de toneladas de residuos plásticos en los países en desarrollo en lugar de reciclarlo."

    Y los grupos ecologistas dieron la bienvenida a la medida después de que se actuó esa llamada.

    Un reciclador arrastra una enorme bolsa de papel a través de un montón de residuos no reciclables en Zimbabwe.

    Un reciclador arrastra una enorme bolsa de papel a través de un montón de residuos no reciclables en Zimbabwe.

    "Este es un primer paso crucial para detener el uso de los países en desarrollo como un basurero para los desechos plásticos del mundo, especialmente los que provienen de naciones ricas", dijo Von Hernández, coordinador global de Break Free from Plastic, Von Hernández.

      "Los países que se encuentran en el extremo receptor de residuos plásticos mixtos y sin clasificar de fuentes extranjeras ahora tienen el derecho de rechazar estos envíos problemáticos, lo que a su vez obliga a los países de origen a garantizar la exportación de plásticos limpios y reciclables únicamente", agregó. "Sin embargo, el reciclaje no será suficiente. En última instancia, la producción de plásticos debe reducirse significativamente para resolver de manera efectiva la crisis de la contaminación plástica".

      Rolph Payet, secretario ejecutivo de las convenciones de Basilea, Rotterdam y Estocolmo (BRS), dijo: "Los residuos de plástico son reconocidos como uno de los problemas ambientales más apremiantes del mundo, y el hecho de que "Una semana, cerca de 1 millón de personas en todo el mundo firmaron una petición para instar a las Partes del Convenio de Basilea a que tomen medidas aquí en Ginebra en las COP.

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